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Female Urology

Urology Services

Women can face urology problems for a variety of reasons, and these issues can be influenced by anatomical, physiological, and lifestyle factors. There are few important key aspects that women can pay attention to on a daily basis for their best urology care

Understanding some of the key reasons also helps to know why women may experience urology problems occur.

Dr. Laltha, female urologist in Hyderabad offers most comprehensive and intensive urology services for women.


The female urinary and reproductive systems share common structures, which can lead to interconnected health concerns. For example, the proximity of the urethra (where urine exits) to the vagina and anus can make women more susceptible to urinary tract infections (UTIs) and vaginal fistulas.

Pregnancy and Childbirth

The physical changes that occur during pregnancy, including increased pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles, can contribute to urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Vaginal childbirth can also weaken pelvic muscles and tissues, increasing the risk of these issues. Dr. Lalitha recognized as eminent Urologist offers most prominent urology treatment services at her female urology clinic at Hyderabad

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during menopause, can affect urological health. Reduced estrogen levels can lead to changes in the urinary tract and an increased risk of urinary problems.

Age factor

Urology problems are more common as women age. Aging can result in weakened pelvic floor muscles, decreased bladder elasticity, and increased risk of urinary incontinence, among other issues. Reaching Dr. Lalitha, female urology hospital in Hyderabad for an appointment helps you to receive appropriate and timely treatment and care.


Infections in the urinary tract or reproductive organs, such as UTIs, cystitis, or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), can affect urological health.

Overactive Bladder

Some women may have an overactive bladder due to nerve or muscle dysfunction, leading to symptoms like frequent and sudden urges to urinate.

Bladder or Urethral Disorders

Conditions such as interstitial cystitis and urethral diverticula can cause chronic bladder or urethral discomfort and affect urological health.

Hormone Therapy

Certain hormone therapies, such as those used for menopausal symptoms, can influence urology problems.

Lifestyle Factors

Lifestyle choices, such as diet, exercise, smoking, and stress levels, can impact urological health. For example, a diet high in caffeine and spicy foods may exacerbate urinary symptoms, while regular exercise can help maintain pelvic floor strength.

Neurological Conditions

Underlying neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, can affect nerve signals that control bladder function.


Certain medications, like diuretics or antihypertensive drugs, can influence urinary function and potentially lead to urological concerns.

It's essential for women to be aware of these factors and take preventive measures to promote urological health, including a healthy lifestyle, regular check-ups, and seeking medical attention if they experience symptoms or concerns related to the urinary and reproductive systems.

Consulting with healthcare professionals, such as urologists or gynecologists, can provide guidance and treatment options for managing urological issues.

Women can experience various urological concerns that may affect their urinary and reproductive systems. Some of the most common female urology concerns include:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs):

Symptoms: Frequent and painful urination, a strong urge to urinate, cloudy or bloody urine, and discomfort in the lower abdomen.

Causes: Urinary Track Infections (UTIs) are mostl commonly caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract. Factors like sexual activity, improper hygiene, or underlying health conditions can increase the risk

Overactive Bladder (OAB):

Symptoms: Frequent, sudden urges to urinate, often resulting in urge incontinence (leakage), and sometimes nocturia (waking up at night to urinate).

Causes: The exact cause of OAB can vary but may be related to nerve or muscle dysfunction in the bladder.

Stress Incontinence:

Symptoms: Involuntary leakage of urine during activities that increase abdominal pressure, such as sneezing, coughing, or laughing.

Causes: Weakness in the pelvic floor muscles and tissues, often due to factors like pregnancy, childbirth, or aging.

Interstitial Cystitis (Painful Bladder Syndrome):

Symptoms: Chronic pelvic pain, a frequent and urgent need to urinate, and discomfort during or after urination

Causes: The exact cause is unknown, but it may be related to bladder inflammation or abnormalities in the bladder lining.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse:

Symptoms: A feeling of pressure in the pelvic area, urinary incontinence, and discomfort during intercourse.

Causes: Weakening of pelvic muscles and tissues, often due to childbirth and aging, can cause pelvic organs to shift or descend

Bladder Infections (Cystitis):

Symptoms: Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen, frequent urination, and a strong urge to urinate, along with blood in the urine.

Causes: Bacterial infections that affect the bladder.

Vaginal Fistulas:

Symptoms: Leakage of urine or feces from the vagina, often accompanied by recurrent urinary tract infections.

Causes: Abnormal connections between the vagina and the urinary or digestive tracts, typically due to surgery, childbirth, or other medical conditions.

Overactive Pelvic Floor Muscles:

Symptoms: Pelvic pain, frequent urination, urgency, and discomfort during sexual intercourse

Causes: Overactivity or tension in the pelvic floor muscles, which can result from stress, anxiety, or other factors.

It's important to note that individual experiences may vary, and some women may face multiple urological concerns simultaneously. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms or have concerns about your urological health, it's advisable to consult Dr. Lalitha, Urologist and Urogynecologist, for a proper evaluation and diagnosis. Early detection and treatment can help manage or resolve these issues effectively.

Female urinary incontinence in Hyderabad

Urinary incontinence in women is a common condition. It is described as the automatic leak of urine. There are different types of urinary incontinence, each with its own set of symptoms and causes. Here are the main types, along with their symptoms and causes:

Stress Incontinence:

Symptoms: Leakage of urine during activities that increase abdominal pressure, such as sneezing, coughing, laughing, or lifting heavy objects.

Causes: Weakening of the pelvic floor muscles and tissues, often due to pregnancy, childbirth, and aging. This weakening can result in insufficient support for the bladder and urethra, leading to urine leakage when pressure is applied.

Urge Incontinence (Overactive Bladder):

Symptoms: Sudden, intense urges to urinate, often accompanied by an involuntary loss of urine. Women with this type may feel the need to urinate frequently, even at night.

Causes: Overactivity of the detrusor muscle in the bladder, which can lead to frequent and strong contractions of the bladder, resulting in urgency and leakage. Causes can include neurological conditions, bladder irritants, or idiopathic factors (unknown causes).

Mixed Incontinence:

Symptoms: Mixed incontinence is a combination of stress and urge incontinence, so women experience symptoms of both, such as leaking urine during activities and experiencing strong, frequent urges to urinate.

Causes: A combination of factors that contribute to both stress and urge incontinence.

Overflow Incontinence:

Symptoms: Incomplete bladder emptying, a constant dribble of urine, and difficulty starting and stopping the urinary stream.

Causes: Bladder dysfunction or obstruction that prevents the complete emptying of the bladder. This can be due to conditions like a urinary tract obstruction, nerve damage, or bladder muscle weakness.

Functional Incontinence:

Symptoms: Difficulty reaching the toilet in time due to physical or cognitive limitations

Causes: Physical impairments, cognitive issues, or mobility problems that hinder a woman's ability to reach the toilet in time.

Transient Incontinence:

Symptoms: Sudden and temporary episodes of incontinence.

Causes: Transient factors such as infections (e.g., UTIs), medication side effects, excessive caffeine or alcohol consumption, or acute medical conditions.

It's important to note that urinary incontinence can have multiple contributing factors, and it may vary in severity from person to person. Many women experience a combination of causes, and the exact cause or causes may not always be clear. If you're experiencing urinary incontinence or have concerns about it, it's advisable to consult Dr. Lalitha, female stress urinary incontinence in Hyderabad, who is a urologist and urogynecologist, for a proper evaluation and diagnosis. Treatment options may include lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, medications, or surgical interventions, depending on the type and severity of incontinence.

Treatments available at Dr.Lalitha’s Urology clinic

At Dr. Lalitha’s Urology clinic, you are able to access a wide range of treatments for female urology problems, including:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): A detailed diagnosis, and treatment for recurrent UTIs, providing antibiotics and preventive strategies.

Incontinence Management: Offer help manage and treat different types of urinary incontinence, such as stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and mixed incontinence, through medications, behavioral therapies, and surgical options.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Address pelvic organ prolapse through various surgical and non-surgical interventions, including pelvic floor exercises, pessaries, and reconstructive surgery.

Bladder Disorders: Diagnose and treat a range of bladder issues, including interstitial cystitis, overactive bladder, and painful bladder syndrome, using medications, physical therapy, and minimally invasive procedures.

Kidney Stones: Provide treatments to manage and remove kidney stones, such as lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and minimally invasive surgery.

Hematuria (Blood in Urine): Evaluation and treatment of hematuria is crucial to identify underlying causes and may involve cystoscopy, imaging, and surgical procedures.

Bladder and Kidney Cancer: Diagnose and treat female patients with bladder and kidney cancer, offering surgical, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy options.

Overactive Bladder (OAB): Manage OAB with medications, behavioral therapy, and in some cases, neuromodulation therapies.

Pelvic Pain: Evaluate and treat chronic pelvic pain conditions, which may include interstitial cystitis, through medications and procedures.

Urethral and Vaginal Disorders: Address conditions affecting the urethra and vagina, such as urethral diverticula and urethral syndrome, through various treatments, including surgery.

Sexual Dysfunction: Help manage sexual dysfunction issues in women, providing counseling and medical interventions for conditions like sexual pain disorders and low libid.

This is the comprehensive care that Dr. Lalitha, Urologist offers for female urology problems. Treatment plans are tailored to each patient's specific condition and needs, ensuring the best possible outcomes and improved quality of life.